1) Protesters should exercise their right to protest without committing acts of violence against private citizens or state agents.


2) Whilst exercising their right to protest, protesters should whenever possible seek to avoid damaging private or public property.


3) Organisers of protests should, where possible and without coercion, establish cooperation and partnership with relevant authorities and with law enforcement officials in planning the course of the protests. In cases where public space needs to be booked or where large numbers are expected, organisers should comply with voluntary notifications procedures.


4) Organisers should consider designating individuals with whom the authorities can liaise in order to facilitate the protests, and deploy clearly identifiable stewards to help facilitate the holding of protests and ensure compliance with any lawfully imposed restrictions.


5) Journalists and independent observers should identify themselves clearly as such, and should report objectively on events in compliance with ethical journalism standards and ethical standards on the monitoring of protests.


6) The methods of identification for journalists and independent observers should be clearly recognisable by law enforcement agencies and other actors, preferably agreed through an open and consultative process between law enforcement agencies, journalist unions and civil society.

To comment in detail on protesters and other actors, click here

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